Amphetamine is not a drug itself, but rather constitutes a diverse category of drugs containing both prescription medications and illicit substances. These substances find their primary application in the treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Amphetamines are substances that stimulate the central nervous system, leading to an acceleration of bodily functions such as alertness, motivation, activity, and cognitive processes. This makes them particularly beneficial for treating ADHD, where individuals may struggle with focus and thinking.
Among those prone to abusing amphetamines, college students are at high risk, as they’re drawn to the idea of increased energy and enhanced focus, which aids them in effortlessly handling extensive academic tasks like long-term papers and homework assignments.
As amphetamine use becomes habitual, the brain becomes reliant on the substance and reduces its own production of certain chemicals that the amphetamines provide. This reliance on the drug is what drives amphetamine users to continue taking it. If the use of amphetamines is abruptly halted, symptoms like depression, anxiety, confusion, and dizziness may manifest due to amphetamine withdrawal.
As a stimulant, amphetamines have the potential to influence the brain’s reward system, leading to the brain rewiring how it acquires feelings of satisfaction. When a user experiences feelings of low mood and lack of motivation due to a period of abstinence from amphetamines, they may be driven to continue usage to restore a sense of “normalcy” since their brain and body have adapted to functioning with the assistance of the external substance.
Numerous methods exist to address withdrawal effects effectively. Among them, outpatient treatment programs with medical supervision are commonly utilized, while inpatient treatment stands as an equally effective alternative. Additionally, prescribed medications can be employed to counteract negative withdrawal effects. For instance, antidepressants can prove highly beneficial in alleviating feelings of depression arising from the absence of amphetamines.