Opium is a unique substance because it is used in pain medications such as morphine and Oxycodone. It acts a suppressant to physical and mental pain, and as a result, a lot of the victims it claims have just undergone medical treatment, such as surgery.
In addition to pain relief, opium activates receptors in the central nervous system that produce pleasant effects such as euphoria. It also works as an effective sleep aid by causing drowsiness, which can easily attract bed bound patients. Those who are still bed bound after leaving the hospital may have an increased urge to use opium, since they are unable to move around and experience much else outside of their room.
There are two main signs one is abusing opium. The first is using them against the recommendation of a doctor. If someone is still using opioids after a doctor no longer advises them, or without a past prescription at all, it is a large red flag. Another sign is using opioids in greater numbers than prescribed.
Despite similarities to heroin, opiate withdrawal is much less intense and can even be done without professional help. This is not recommended however, as the chance of relapse is very high. Opium withdrawal symptoms can occur regardless of prolonged history with the substance and it is advised you seek either inpatient or outpatient treatment.
Common symptoms of opium withdrawal feel similar to having a fever. There are a number of medications that can combat the negative effects of opium withdrawal, but are not recommended in a lot of cases, as those substances have a similar pain-killing effect to opium and users may develop a dependency with one of those instead.
It is important to seek help recovering from opium abuse as soon as possible. Opium causes hypoventilation, which is the slowing of breathing. Too much exposure to this can result in respiratory depression, which can be fatal.
Behavioral therapy has been proven to be one of the most effective treatments for opium addiction, due to the nature of the drug. Opium tends to put a positive stigma on it for the person using, and behavioral therapies can teach individuals to drop the stigma.