Crack is a type of cocaine. It is smoked more often than snorted and produces effects similar to cocaine. However, crack is much more dangerous, especially due to its side effects.
When crack is used, the user will feel a rush of euphoria, energy, confidence, and cravings for more crack. Crack overloads the brain with dopamine, so much that even a single use of the substance may trigger an addiction.
Crack addiction has some of the worst side effects among any other substance, almost as if the user has been possessed. Users will overall change their default behavior, perpetuated by the cravings and lack of dopamine. This makes it difficult to maintain and form relationships. Crack cravings are so intense, they can also cause the user to begin stealing, and even resorting to violence and crime in order to obtain more crack.
In addition to mental damage, crack also causes major physical damage. Heart attacks, strokes and organ failure are among many symptoms, as well as infertility and sexual dysfunction.
Crack addiction treatment is very intense, as crack is capable of doing high amounts of physical and mental damage. Crack addiction treatment tends to focus more on the person than the substance as a result, since crack is capable of completely rewiring how a person’s brain functions.
Because treatment is based heavily on the individual, crack addiction treatment does not tend to follow a basic set of rules. Rather, the patient is evaluated in terms of their needs, problems, mental and physical trauma, etc. In a lot of cases, childhood trauma is a huge factor in crack use, as crack intensifies what was missing from those who had to grow up from a rough childhood.
Inpatient treatment is highly recommended for crack abuse. This will allow the patient to be heavily monitored in case a physical or mental issue may arise during withdrawal. Crack also has a very high relapse rate, and beginning treatment with outpatient care only drives it higher. After inpatient treatment is completed, outpatient treatment is a viable option.
Crack addiction often creates or comes with many other psychological disorders, making this substances more complex when it comes to treatment. Although relapse rates and withdrawal effects can be discouraging, do not be intimidated or afraid to seek help.